Tag Archives: subversion

Stuff I need to lookup every time

Set ignore to all files of a directory with subversion:
$ cd cache
$ svn propset svn:ignore '*' .
$ svn ci . -m 'Ignore set on cache dir.'

Show changed files between two revisions, overview
$ svn diff -r 300:HEAD --summarize

Show changed files between two revisions, for each revision:
$ svn log -v -r 300:304

See overall latest 20 commit-messages:
$ svn log -l 20

Branching and merging:
See: http://blog.evanweaver.com/2007/08/15/svn-branching-best-practices-in-practice/

Only grep in php source files, not jpgs, movies etc.:
$ grep -i 'whatever' `find . -name '*.php' -print`

Add all new files in a large filestructure to subversion, like after an update of vendors in Symfony2
svn st | grep "^?" | awk "{print $2}" | xargs svn add $1

Remove all deleted files from a large filestructure from subversion, like after a vendors update in Symfony2
svn st | grep '^!' | awk '{print $2}' | xargs svn delete --force

Setup external libraries in subversion:
svn mkdir ZFVersions;
svn add ZFVersions;
svn ci ZFVersions -m 'Added dir for all versions.';
cd ZFVersions;
svn mkdir 1.11;
svn add 1.11;
svn ci 1.11 -m 'Added version subdir.'
cd 1.11;
svn propset svn:externals 'Zend http://framework.zend.com/svn/framework/standard/tags/release-1.11.0/library/Zend' .; # This will checkout in another dir Zend into your dir 1.11. You need this since autoloading is using paths like this require_once(Zend/Feed/Rss.class.php)!!
svn commit -m 'Set external.';
svn up .; # Loads external lib.

Correct date problems in a mysql database – 2020 instead of 2011 in YYYY-MM-DD dates:
UPDATE accounts SET member_startdate = CONCAT('2010', '-', MONTH(member_startdate), '-', DAYOFMONTH(member_startdate)) WHERE YEAR(member_startdate) > 2011;

What is it you guys always look up?

Consistent Development Environments using VirtualMachines

As a development team we always run into situations where we have trouble setting up a proper development environment for each of the team members to get going or add new staff on the go. It annoyed me every time since it causes a lot of unnecessary communication and friction.

I often heard of virtualization but never actually played seriously with it. The idea is:

If we could have a virtual machine for every project that contains an equivalent environment like the production system, everybody working on it…

  • … could just rely on his development environment by just starting the VM without having to set up anything half-baked themselves.
  • … could use his favourite working environment OS, IDE and tools on which they are most comfortable and thus happy and productive.
  • … could work on their own checked out working copy using version control.
  • … could immedately see what they built refreshing the local browser or starting Unittests on the VM via ssh to check their dev increments.

We used http://www.virtualbox.org. A good starting point to get to know VirtualBox better and learn how to start your first virtual machine: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/VirtualBox

Our target was to be able to startup the development VM as guest system on any developers development machine being the host system, open a browser on the host (!) and call for example http://develop/ to see the webroot of the VM. Additionally we set up samba and ssh on the VM in order to have the webserver’s webroot on the VM available via the filesystem. In order to do that you need to…

  • …start your VM with networking set to ‘Host interface’ instead of the default NAT. This is explained in detail on this page (sorry German) http://www.nwlab.net/tutorials/virtualbox/virtual-networking.html – for me it was tricky to get the guest machine available on the host and have internet access at the same time.
  • …edit the hosts file (on OSX ‘sudo nano /private/etc/hosts’ and reboot) on the development machines and add something like the following line: ’192.168.56.101 develop’. To find out the IP enter ‘sudo ifconfig’ (OSX/Linux) on your host system after you have started the VM. You will see aditional adapters set by virtualbox and the IP address.
  • …configure /etc/samba/smb.conf on the VM, restart samba and connect (e.g. smb://develop/webroot). We check out a working copy of the applicaton under development directly onto the webroot and create a new PHP-Project there in our IDE. Update and commit directly from there.

If you search the web for ready-made VMs you find mostly VMware images. You can not run them directly in VirtualBox and need to convert them.

Under Linux you can convert the VMware image (.vmdk) into a VirtualBox image (.vdi) like this:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox-ose virtualbox-ose-guest-utils;
sudo apt-get install qemu;

qemu-img convert xxx.vmdk xxx.bin;
VBoxManage convertdd xxx.bin xxx.vdi

Install the required packages with apt-get install once. VBoxManage is part of VirtualBox. The last two lines do the conversion.


We ended up creating a fresh install from a Debian 5 netinstall iso. The iso-file can be mounted as CDROM on the creation of the new VM with VirtualBox. Receipes for setting up the appropriate LAMP environment with apt-get install can be found on the web. You only have to do it once. Save the state of your VM afterwards.


There are ways to generate a virtual machine from a physical server. Use Google to find receipes. I used http://www.partimage.org on a Debian Etch system with the live CDROM from http://www.sysresccd.org. This requires that you are able to umount your filesystem or rather boot into the live cd on the production/staging machine in order to generate the partimage.

You mount an external drive over the network or a usb harddrive. The partition (e.g. /dev/sda1) you would like to backup must be umounted. From the live cd you can see your partitions, including attached usb drives, with the ‘fdisk -l‘ command. Just mount the target (e.g. /mnt/usbdrive) and start partimage from the commandline. Dialogues guide you through the image creation.


In case you wonder what is meant by the ‘Host key’ to enter or leave a running VM with your mouse… it is the right (!) Strg-Button on your Keyboard.


I just installed Ubuntu Server on a VM from my MacBook. To have a usable keyboard once you logged on to the new VM, you must do the following in order to have a keymap including the pipe symbol, braces etc.:

  • sudo apt-get install console-data; #to install the keymaps
  • sudo loadkeys mac-macbook-de; #to set the keymap for German MacBook

Once you have done that, you can use your right Command-Key as ‘Alt-Gr-Key’ like on a PC keyboard. The pipe symbol is then typable with ‘Alt-Gr + >’, Braces and Brackets are typable via ‘Alt-Gr + 6,7,8,9′.


This is how you copy a virtual machine using VirtualBox tools:

$ VBoxManage clonevdi /Users/marco/MyMachine.vdi /Users/marco/MyMachine_copy.vdi
$ VBoxManage internalcommands setvdiuuid /Users/marco/MyMachine_copy.vdi

Subversion Repository on Samba Share

I use a Subversion repository which sits on a Samba share in our LAN. Most of the times I used it from Windows machines where I simply assigned a drive letter (N:) to the filesystem of the network share (//TERASTATION2/share) hosting the repository. A SVN checkout including URL looked like this:

  • svn co file://N:/_repos/projectname/trunk .

Now I have my new Ubuntu/Linux notebook and asked myself how I could use the repository from there too. I tried using smb://terastation2/share/_repos/myproject/trunk – but this did not work in combination with file://.

The solution looks like this:

  • Create a dir to mount the share to: $ sudo mkdir /mnt/terastation2;
  • Mount the filesystem: $ sudo smbmount //TERASTATION2/share /mnt/terastation2 -o lfs;
    (You can create a launcher to do that for you in the future)
  • Then you can do your desired operations: $ svn co file:///mnt/terastation2/_repos/projectname/trunk .;

Subversion: Revert to a Previous Revision

On one of my current projects, I had the problem that I had done several commits to the repository and suddenly changed my mind and wanted to go back to a certain point in the revison history where I started with my changes. How would you do that?

Let’s say you started your changes at revision 901 with your first commit and the current revision (HEAD) is 910.

To your working-copy you could just do:

svn up -r 900 .

But that would bring back the unwanted changes to you as soon as you update again and would not affect other people working on the code when they update their workig copies to the current revision. What you really have to do in this case is to ‘merge back’ your working-copy and then commit the changes with a comment:

svn up;
svn merge -r HEAD:900 .;
svn commit -m "Reverted back to rev 900. Sorry, changed my mind.";

Be careful! This only works if ALL revisions (901-910) have been committed by yourself.